Does a man need a prostate gland
By age 60, half of all men will have an enlarged prostate, a condition also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH. While BPH does not increase your risk of getting prostate cancer or having sexual problems, it can affect quality of life, specifically by causing annoying and embarrassing urination problems. Illustration by Scott Leighton. As you age, your prostate can grow from the size of a walnut to about the size of a lemon.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Prostate cancer
SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Digital rectal exam demonstration from BMJ LearningContent:
- Surgery for Prostate Cancer
- What Does the Prostate Gland Do?
- The growing problem of an enlarged prostate gland
- Prostate gland and urinary problems
- The growing problem of an enlarged prostate gland
- Everything you need to know about your prostate
- 3 Things That Can Happen When You Live Without a Prostate
Surgery for Prostate Cancer
By age 60, half of all men will have an enlarged prostate, a condition also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH.
While BPH does not increase your risk of getting prostate cancer or having sexual problems, it can affect quality of life, specifically by causing annoying and embarrassing urination problems.
Illustration by Scott Leighton. As you age, your prostate can grow from the size of a walnut to about the size of a lemon. It's not clear why the prostate grows like this, but it's believed certain male hormones such as dihydrotestosterone tend to act more strongly on the prostate gland later in life.
Because the prostate is located just below the bladder, when it becomes larger it can place pressure on the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder through the penis and out of the body. This may lead to a variety of urination problems. For example, you may have trouble beginning to urinate, continue to dribble afterward, and feel like you have not fully emptied your bladder.
Urine that doesn't get expelled and collects in the bladder can increase the risk of infection, which in turn makes it painful to urinate and causes even more bathroom trips and potentially loss of bladder control. Urinary tract or bladder infections can also lead to a kidney infection. Early research suggested that 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors 5-ARIs , a class of drugs used to treat prostate enlargement, might increase the risk of developing more aggressive prostate cancer.
However, newer studies have found that not only do the drugs appear to pose no extra risk, they may even protect against prostate cancer. A follow-up study of almost 9, men, published in the Nov. See your doctor if you have any of these problems. A digital rectal exam can often confirm an enlarged prostate, and your doctor may take a urine sample to check for a bladder infection that can be treated with antibiotics. If your prostate is causing symptoms, your doctor will likely offer you medication to improve and manage them.
Two main classes of drugs are used: alpha blockers and 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors 5-ARIs. Your doctor may prescribe one or both types, depending on your symptoms and the size of your prostate gland. Alpha blockers. These drugs relax the muscles around the prostate and the opening of the bladder, so urine can flow more easily. Common BPH symptoms often improve within two days.
They are most effective for men with normal to moderately enlarged prostates. Commonly prescribed drugs in this class include alfuzosin Uroxatral , doxazosin Cardura , silodosin Rapaflo , tamsulosin Flomax , and terazosin Hytrin. Drugs in this class slowly shrink the prostate so it stops pressing on the urethra.
Treatment often reduces the prostate's size by one-quarter after six months to a year. The two common drugs are finasteride Proscar and dutasteride Avodart. Men might opt for surgery to remove excess tissue from the prostate if medications do not relieve symptoms sufficiently or cause undesirable side effects, or if there are complications like urinary retention or recurring urinary tract infections, adds Dr. For men who have both erectile dysfunction and symptoms of BPH, once-daily low-dose tadalafil Cialis is another option.
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Harvard Men's Health Watch. The most common prostate problem among men over age 50, this condition can cause embarrassing urination issues. Published: March, E-mail Address. First Name Optional. Benign prostatic hyperplasia Illustration by Scott Leighton An enlarged prostate places pressure on the urethra, which makes urine harder to expel. Possible cancer protection from prostate drugs Early research suggested that 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors 5-ARIs , a class of drugs used to treat prostate enlargement, might increase the risk of developing more aggressive prostate cancer.
What Does the Prostate Gland Do?
The good news is there are many things you can do. The prostate is a small gland in men that helps make semen. Located just below the bladder in front of the rectum, it wraps around the tube that carries urine and semen out of the body. It tends to grow larger as you get older.
The Public Education Council improves the quality of resources the Foundation provides. The Council serves to develop, review and oversee the educational materials and programs the Foundation provides. Charitable Gift Planning is a powerful way to ensure your legacy in advancing urologic research and education to improve patients' lives. We provide free patient education materials on urologic health to patients, caregivers, community organizations, healthcare providers, students and the general public, pending availability.
The growing problem of an enlarged prostate gland
Prostatectomy includes a number of surgical procedures to remove part or all of the prostate gland. The prostate gland is situated in the male pelvis, below the urinary bladder. It surrounds the urethra, which carries urine from the bladder to the penis. Prostatectomy can be performed in several ways, depending on the condition involved and recommended treatment approach:. Radical prostatectomy is surgery to remove the entire prostate gland and surrounding lymph nodes as treatment for men with localized prostate cancer. A surgeon can perform a radical prostatectomy using different techniques, including:. Simple prostatectomy, on the other hand, is generally recommended for men with severe urinary symptoms and very enlarged prostate glands rather than prostate cancer , and can be performed open or robotically.
Prostate gland and urinary problems
The prostate is a gland that produces some of the fluid that carries sperm during ejaculation. The prostate gland surrounds the urethra, the tube through which urine passes out of the body. An enlarged prostate means the gland has grown bigger. Prostate enlargement happens to almost all men as they get older. An enlarged prostate is often called benign prostatic hyperplasia BPH.
It's June 20th, the first day of summer in I'm knocked out on an operating table and a robot is removing my prostate gland. In April I learned I had stage II prostate cancer, and after questioning experts and survivors, I've decided surgery is the way to go.
The growing problem of an enlarged prostate gland
The prostate gland is a male reproductive organ whose main function is to secrete prostate fluid, one of the components of semen. The muscles of the prostate gland also help propel this seminal fluid into the urethra during ejaculation. The prostate is a muscular gland that weighs about three-fourths of an ounce 20 grams about the size of a small apricot. It surrounds the urethra just beneath the bladder.
Fun fact number one: Half of all men who die in this country this year will be killed by heart disease, stroke, or cancer. Fun fact number two: Half of all doctors seem to have different ideas about how to prevent the biggest killers of men. We spoke to the best of them, and we've simplified, clarified, and prioritized their advice on minimizing the risks of dying before your time. For more tips, click here. Reporting by Sarah Z.
Everything you need to know about your prostate
The Public Education Council improves the quality of resources the Foundation provides. The Council serves to develop, review and oversee the educational materials and programs the Foundation provides. Charitable Gift Planning is a powerful way to ensure your legacy in advancing urologic research and education to improve patients' lives. We provide free patient education materials on urologic health to patients, caregivers, community organizations, healthcare providers, students and the general public, pending availability. Take advantage by building your shopping cart now!
Victorian government portal for older people, with information about government and community services and programs. Type a minimum of three characters then press UP or DOWN on the keyboard to navigate the autocompleted search results. For reasons that are unclear, the second growth spurt of the prostate gland begins when men are in their 30s. It continues to enlarge with age to an average weight of 40 grams in men in their 70s. Although these symptoms often do not need treatment, see your doctor if they are causing you difficulty, as they can be successfully treated.
3 Things That Can Happen When You Live Without a Prostate
Hey guys, we know that talking about your prostate can be a little uncomfortable. Your prostate is a small gland that lives inside your body, just below your bladder. It sits around the urethra, which is the tube that carries pee from your bladder through your penis. Only men have a prostate.
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